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Martand Sun Temple

Martand Sun Temple, Anantnag, Kashmir

  Hidden amidst the picturesque hills of Anantnag in Kashmir, lies the Martand Sun Temple - a mesmerizing archaeological masterpiece that has withstood the test of time. Built-in 490 AD by King Lalitaditya Muktapida, this temple is an epitome of ancient Indian architecture and engineering marvels. From its stunning carvings to intricate designs, every nook and corner of Martand Sun Temple reflects its rich history and cultural significance. If you are planning a trip to Kashmir, make sure to add this magnificent temple in your itinerary for an experience that will leave you awestruck!

Location of the Martand Sun Temple

The Martand Sun Temple is strategically located on the top of a plateau in Mattan village, about 8 km east of Anantnag town. Surrounded by lush green forests and snow-capped mountains, this temple provides a perfect blend of natural beauty and architectural wonders. To reach the temple, one needs to take a scenic drive through winding roads that offer breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape. The journey itself is an adventure worth experiencing! As you get closer to the temple, you will notice the massive ruins with its intricate stone carvings and pillars that stand tall even after centuries. Despite being partially destroyed during invasions, it still manages to awe-inspire visitors with its grandeur. Once inside, you will be welcomed by a serene ambiance that takes you back in time - making it almost impossible not to appreciate how magnificent this place must have been hundreds of years ago.

History of the Martand Sun Temple

The Martand Sun Temple is an ancient Hindu temple located in the district of Anantnag in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It was built during the reign of King Lalitaditya Muktapida, who ruled over the Karkota dynasty from 724 to 761 AD. Historians believe that the temple was initially constructed as a small shrine dedicated to Lord Vishnu. However, it underwent significant expansion under Lalit aditya's rule and became one of the largest sun temples in India. The Martand Sun Temple served as a center for both religious worship and political administration during its heyday. The king would often hold court here, while priests conducted daily rituals and prayers. Despite its grandeur and significance, the temple fell into decline following centuries of neglect and invasions by foreign rulers. Today, only ruins remain of this once-majestic structure, but they serve as a testament to its rich history and cultural importance. Visitors can still marvel at intricate carvings on pillars depicting gods and goddesses or take in sweeping views of nearby mountains from atop what remains of the main platform.

The Architecture of the Martand Sun Temple

The Martand Sun Temple is undoubtedly one of the most impressive examples of ancient Indian architecture. It was built during the reign of King Lalitaditya Muktapida, a legendary ruler of Kashmir in the 8th century. The temple is located on top of a plateau and has been constructed entirely out of stone. The complex comprises several structures including a main sanctuary, colonnaded courtyard and smaller shrines. One striking feature about the Martand Sun Temple's architecture is its symmetry. Each element seems to be carefully measured and proportioned to create an overall sense of balance and harmony. The central shrine or vimana stands tall at around 60 feet high. It features intricate carvings and sculptures that depict various Hindu gods and goddesses. The outer walls are adorned with over 400 columns that support an elaborate roof structure. Despite being partially ruined today, visitors can still marvel at the incredible amount of detail that went into creating this masterpiece. From its intricate carvings to its precise layout, it truly showcases India's rich cultural heritage in every aspect. Visiting the Martand Sun Temple is not just about admiring its beauty but also understanding how architectural techniques have evolved over time in India.

What to See at the Martand Sun Temple

The Martand Sun Temple, also known as the Martand Surya Mandir, is an ancient temple that dates back to the 8th century. The temple has a lot of fascinating features that will leave you in awe. One of the most impressive aspects of this temple is its architecture. The intricate carvings on the walls and pillars are unlike anything you've seen before. Visitors can also explore the large courtyard which was once used for religious ceremonies and gatherings. Another highlight of the Martand Sun Temple is its central shrine which houses a statue of Lord Surya or the Sun God. This statue is surrounded by smaller shrines dedicated to other Hindu deities like Shiva and Vishnu. Visitors can also admire the stunning views from atop one of the temple's several platforms. From here, you'll be able to see breathtaking vistas stretching out over Kashmir Valley. Make sure not to miss out on exploring some nearby attractions such as Achabal Gardens or Verinag Spring. These places offer plenty more natural beauty for visitors to enjoy during their trip to Anantnag district!

How to Get There

Getting to the Martand Sun Temple requires a bit of planning and effort, but it is well worth the journey. The temple is located in Anantnag district of Jammu & Kashmir. By Car: One can reach the temple by car from Srinagar which takes around 2 hours. Tourists can also take taxis available at reasonable rates. By Public Transport: The nearest railway station to the temple is in Srinagar, from where tourists can hire a taxi or take a bus ride towards Anantnag. There are frequent buses plying between Srinagar and Anantnag throughout the day. By Air: The nearest airport to the Martand Sun Temple is situated in Srinagar, which connects major Indian cities like Delhi and Mumbai on daily basis. Getting to Martand Sun Temple requires some travel time but offers stunning views along the way. It’s advisable for travelers to check weather conditions before embarking on their journey as snowfall during winters may cause disruptions in transportation services.

When to Go

The Martand Sun Temple can be visited throughout the year, but there are certain times when it is better to visit than others. The best time to go is during the months of April through June and September through November. During these months, the weather in Anantnag, Kashmir is milder with temperatures ranging from 15-30 degrees Celsius. Clear skies also allow for excellent photo opportunities of this ancient wonder. However, if you don't mind colder temperatures and want to avoid crowds, visiting during December through February could be a great option. Although temperatures drop below freezing point in winters here still some tourists prefer winter due to its serenity and calmness. If you plan on visiting during July and August, keep in mind that this is monsoon season in Anantnag which may restrict your access or limit your experience at Martand Sun Temple. No matter what time of year you choose for your visit make sure to check the local weather conditions before heading out!

Tips for Visiting the Martand Sun Temple

Visiting the Martand Sun Temple can be a truly magical experience. However, there are a few things to consider before embarking on your journey to this historic site. Firstly, it is important to dress appropriately when visiting the temple. As with any religious site in India, visitors should cover their shoulders and legs as a sign of respect. Secondly, visitors should bring plenty of water and sunscreen as temperatures can soar during the summer months. Thirdly, it is advisable to hire a local guide who can provide insight into the temple's history and architecture. This will enhance your overall experience at the temple. Visitors should be mindful of their surroundings and avoid littering or damaging any part of the site. The Martand Sun Temple is an important cultural heritage site that must be preserved for future generations. By following these tips for visiting the Martand Sun Temple, you can ensure that you have an enjoyable and respectful visit while learning about one of Kashmir's most significant historical landmarks.

Distance of Amarnath from Martand sun Temple

The Martand Sun Temple is not far from the famous Amarnath Cave, a significant pilgrimage site for Hindus. The distance between both places is approximately 80 km, and it takes around 3 hours via road to reach one from the other. The drive itself is scenic and filled with stunning views of mountains, valleys and rivers. One can enjoy the journey while being amazed by nature's beauty. Tourists visiting Amarnath can make a stop at Martand Sun Temple en route if they have time to spare. It's worth exploring this historical monument that dates back to the 8th century AD. Visitors should keep in mind that traveling during peak season could cause traffic congestion on roads leading up to both sites, so plan accordingly. While planning your visit to Amarnath Cave or Martand Sun Temple in Anantnag Kashmir, consider stopping over at either destination depending on your itinerary. The distance between them may seem daunting but experiencing both locations will be well worth the effort.


Martand Sun Temple is a magnificent piece of architecture that holds immense historical and religious significance. The temple attracts tourists and devotees from different parts of the country who come to admire its grandeur and seek blessings. Visiting Martand Sun Temple can be a thrilling experience for those who love history, culture, art, and religion. With such stunning surroundings, it's no wonder that this temple has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. To conclude, if you are planning to visit Kashmir anytime soon, do not miss out on visiting the Martand Sun Temple. It's an architectural marvel worth experiencing at least once in your lifetime!